Status of PWDVA

The Status of the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act (2005) – A Factsheet

  1. Large number of women face violence in intimate relationships irrespective of caste, class, race, ethnicity, religion or marital status.
  2. This pervasive violence is deeply rooted in socio-cultural norms of the society. Not only is domestic violence a violation of human rights, various studies have also highlighted the economic, health and social consequences of this form of violence.
  3. Around 40 % of ever married women reported emotional or physical or sexual spousal violence in India in the recent NFHS3.
  4. After six years of the enactment of the PWDVA, there are still glaring gaps in its implementation. A major issue responsible for the limited reach of the legislation is absence of adequate mechanisms and lack of financial resources , resulting in insufficient appointment of skilled Protection Officers and a lack of notified Service Providers.
  5. 19 states have no plan scheme for the implementation of the PWDVA, and 4 states have no separate budget for its implementation.
  6. Different States are currently implementing the Act in different ways, however this has not meant that implementation is tailored to the needs of the State. Instead, States with the highest levels of recorded domestic violence have the lowest number of protection officers. Bihar, where 59% women had experienced domestic violence, has no plan for the implementation of the Act, and has one protection officer per 50 lakh people. The lack of uniformity and transparency in budgets is a severe hindrance to the effectiveness of the Act.

Download the Status list of Protection Officers in all states